One of the most fertile of sheep breeds that is hornless with good body length and a short light covering of hair and wool. The most popular sheep breed in South Africa is the Merino breed, and breeds derived from the Merino. Another Nguni-type sheep, the BaPedi is fat-tailed sheep with white, brown and red hair, a small framed and long legs. This resulted in a hardy, fast-growing meat breed suitable for low-rainfall regions. It is said that this breed is immune to the viral disease, blue tongue as well as redwater and heartwater due to its resistant to ticks. Box 26 Middelburg 5900 E-mail: info@dorpersa.co.za Contact: Mr Attie Westraad Telephone: 049 842 2241 Fax: 049 842 3589 Cellphone: 071 606 5625 Since the late 1980s a number of sheep farmers realized that there was a national as well as an international need for an adaptable, economically viable and marketable mutton sheep, which can produce on the veld The breed was developed for the arid extensive regions of South Africa. Considered as one of the fastest-growing meat sheep breeds. The Merino sheep and its crossbreeds are the basis of southern hemisphere fine wool production. Zulu Sheep. Depending on the breed, sheep can be used for fibre, using wool and hair, as well as for meat production, or are sometimes used to produce dairy products. Dorper sheep are developed in South Africa to meet the mutton demands. As well as being kept as a pure breed, the Dohne will also be used to improve traditional breeds such as … Fat tailed sheep arrived in South Africa between 200 and 400 AD. The Zulu Sheep is native to South Africa and found mainly amongst rural farmers in KwaZulu-Natal. The adult Dorper ram weighs 190 to 260 pounds (90 to 120 kg) and ewes weigh 110 to 180 pounds (50 to 80 kg). However, this meat breed is now raised in many other places, too. Have to produce a good slaughter lamb at an early age; 3. Indigenous sheep is best suited to extensive farming (veld grazing) systems. Spanish sheep from Holland and a woolled sheep from Persia were imported but when breeding with the local sheep began the imported breeds soon disappeared. The Persian (or ‘Persie’ in Afrikaans) is a fat-tailed sheep, covered in hair and is, therefore, well-adapted to hot, arid climates. First lambing is at 23 months, with little birthing problems. Depending on the breed, sheep can be used for fibre, using wool and hair, as well as for meat production, or are sometimes used to produce dairy products. Grootfontein Agricultural Development Institute. The breed is sturdy, kind, attractive and five-gaited. Indigenous and locally developed breeds are an important asset for many reasons, but particularly because, over time, they have developed unique combinations of adaptive traits to respond to the pressures of the local environment. In South Africa, sheep breeds are a mix of the hairy indigenous breeds, fat-tailed and fat-rumped breeds, and South African developed composite ‘exotic’ breeds, such as the SA mutton Merino. Today, I would like to focus on two primary sheep breeds, namely the Dorper (pictured) and Red Maasai. It has high reproductive rates, e.g. Origin: South Africa Australian Status: International Status: CRITICAL Arrived in Australia: As embryo’s in 1999 but also thought to have arrived on the first fleet. The Namaqua Afrikaner is now one of South Africa’s most vulnerable and endangered sheep breeds, part of a conservation programme at the Northern Cape Department of Agriculture’s Carnarvon Experimental station. Commercial farming with this breed only started in the 1970s. The fat-tailed sheep are the most widely distributed, being found in a large part of North Africa (from Egypt to Algeria) and in Eastern and Southern Africa (from Eritrea to South Africa). The Namaqua Afrikaner is a late-maturing breed; its first lambing is at 16.5 months and thereafter follows an 8 to 9-month lambing cycle. During the late 1960's, a request was made to the Department of Agriculture by the wool industry, via the South African Agricultural Union, to develop a white woolled breed for the extensive sheep grazing areas. Australian Population: Ewes: 60 (2017) Distribution: History: The Afrikaner sheep is a breed of fat tailed, hair sheep indigenous to South Africa. RARE BREEDS TRUST OF AUSTRALIA; Sheep : AFRICAN FOUR HORNED SHEEP; Sheep : AFRICAN FOUR HORNED SHEEP Origin: South Africa and central west Africa. All Rights Reserved. It has a long and narrow fat tail and short hair, but develops a woolly undercoat that is shed in summer. Dorper sheep is one of the … By October 1996 the number of members had grown to 71. It has a prominent chest with a dewlap and a fat tail. South Africa has a diverse array of phenotypically distinct and locally adapted sheep breeds that have been developed for different production systems ranging from mutton to wool and pelt, and some dual‐purpose and nondescript breeds kept by smallholder farmers. Photo: Dorper Journal Origin of the breed The Dorper is the result of one of the most successful long-term livestock improvement programs in South Africa. It is also known as SAMM or South African Mutton Merino sheep. Of the indigenous sheep in South Africa, the Damara is most used as a commercial sheep, but there are also farmers in the Limpopo province that use the BaPedi for commercial meat production. Genetic purity is threatened due to crossbreeding with exotic breeds to improve carcass mass and mutton production. 1. The Black-headed Persian sheep is an ancient meat breed, and is believed to have originated in Somalia or the Middle East. The Meatmaster was registered as a breed in 2007 and the Meatmaster Breed Society was established in 2008. Depending on the breed, sheep can be used for fibre, using wool and hair, as well as for meat production, or are sometimes used to produce dairy products. Indigenous sheep breeds of South Africa are mostly animals well-adapted to extreme climates such as arid hot areas and are often of slender built with fat tails, used for meat production. All animals were genotyped at 12 microsatellite loci. Australian Population: Ewes: 60 (2017) Distribution: History: The Afrikaner sheep is a breed of fat tailed, hair sheep indigenous to South Africa. BaPedi ewes can remain productive up to eight years of age. The Damara sheep is a large animal originally from Namibia. The Van Rooy exhibits a fast growth rate, and rams are often used to crossbreed with other sheep breeds, to produce lambs with good growth rate and early fat accumulation. Othman OEM, Payet-Duprat N, Harkat S, Laoun A, Maftah A, Lafri M et al. Blood samples from 622 sheep, comprising 20 breeds, were collected from different regions in South Africa. https://www.farmersweekly.co.za/.../indigenous-sheep-and-goat-breeds Two breeds of goats, Indigenous(n=12) and Boer goats (n=12), and two breeds of sheep Damara (n=12) and Dorper (n=12), were used in this study. Studies done in 1995 estimated that only 3 000 pure Nguni sheep were left in South Africa. The Merino makes up numerically the largest sheep breed in South Africa with approximately 18 million country wide. Dorper Sheep Breed Attiewestraad, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons. The breed does not require shearing and its skin - with a smooth grain and no creasing - can be used for leather. The Damara Breed Breeders Society of South Africa was established in 1992. Its thick skin makes the Van Rooy less susceptible to external parasites. Both rams and ewes have spiralled horns. The sheep spotted by the first European seafarers on the South African coast is one of the reasons they set up a halfway station in the Cape – the sheep could supply fresh meat. The South African Meat Merino sheep is a breed of domestic sheep originating in South Africa. A. Afrikaner sheep; Afrino sheep; B. Blackhead Persian; D. Dohne Merino; Dorper; M. Meatmaster; P. Pedi sheep; S. South African Meat Merino ; V. Van Rooy sheep; Last edited on 15 April 2011, at 08:49. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. The sheep can reach 80 pounds(35 kg) in 3 to 4 months (approx 100 days). The Afrino was developed at the Carnarvon Research Station. It is bred exclusively for its meat, although its skin - the blackhead Persian specifically - can be used for the production of thin, high-grade leather products. Wool can contribute up to 20% of this breed’s income. The breed is well adapted to the warm humid environment of … In South Africa there are different meat preferences. The BaPedi is an early maturing breed. Zishiri1, S.W.P. Origin: South Africa Australian Status: International Status: CRITICAL Arrived in Australia: As embryo’s in 1999 but also thought to have arrived on the first fleet. Examples of sheep breeds used in South Africa for meat and wool production include the Merino, Dohne Merino, South African Mutton Merino, Afrino Sheep and the Dormer. Apart from the most commonly farmed breeds listed below, there are also developing breeds in SA, such as the Boesmanlander and the Bezuidenhout. Its long thin legs serve the animal well when it needs to walk vast distances in search of grazing and water and its huge round tail stores 2 - 3 kg of fat as energy storage during droughts. One of the oldest sheep breeds in South Africa, the Damara is a fat-tail breed suitable for farming in harsh and dry conditions. Indigenous goats were Pages in category "Sheep breeds originating in South Africa" The following 9 pages are in this category, out of 9 total. The other two breeds which have originated under South African skies are the Nooitgedacht Pony and the SA Vlamperd. It was made using 25% Afrikaner, 25% Merino and 50% SAMM genetics. These are sheep breeds which are used for both meat and wool production. The breeding interval is 8 months and a high percentage of twins are produced. Afrikaner sheep are one of the oldest native sheep breeds in South Africa, along with sheep such as the Damara, Blackhead Persian, Pedi, and Zulu (Nguni). Dorper sheep breed is a domestic sheep breed mainly originated from South Africa. The famous meat goat breed “Boer” originated from South Africa. The sheep and goat breeds in Nigeria are meat producing animals adapted to the various ecological zones in which they are found. As their carcasses tend to be lean and small, the ‘Ronderib’ is often used as an additional breed in sheep farming. The mutton & wool sheep farming business plan should include the costs of purchasing the breeding stock. In South Africa, it has adapted to the dry desert conditions of the Northern Cape province. The breed grows well in arid conditions as found in Australia, South Africa and parts of New Zealand. The Zulu sheep belongs to the Nguni type of sheep. "Indigenous Sheep Breeds of South Africa". Most of the original indigenous sheep breeds have been neglected as pure breeds and breeds such as the Namakwa Afrikaner and Ronderib Afrikaner risk extinction with less than 1000 breeding animals left in South Africa. GENETIC DIVERSITY AND POPULATION STRUCTURE OF FOUR SOUTH AFRICAN SHEEP BREEDS . Its numbers in New Zealand can probably be counted in dozens at the present time, but it is already noted for its hardiness and adaptability. The substantial tail fat is often sold separately from the meat and used in the preparation of boerewors and droëwors (droëwors is a preserved meat product of finely minced meat and fat mixed with salt and spices and then dried). Origin: South Africa. Like all industries, the livestock sector changed over time – various breeds of cattle and sheep were imported, and national herd and flock numbers rose and fell. Peters Origin of the breed The Meatmaster is a composite sheep breed developed in South Africa. The history of sheep breeding research in South Africa can be divided roughly into four eras, namely the research and development phase, the commencement of recording and evaluation, the expansion of recording schemes, and, most recently, the adaptation of schemes to international benchmarks. In South Africa, sheep breeds are a mix of the hairy indigenous breeds, fat-tailed and fat-rumped breeds, and South African developed composite ‘exotic’ breeds, such as the SA mutton Merino. A slaughter weight of 18 kg will be reached in about seven months. 2.2 Sheep and goats. In addition, Ronderib rams are used as teaser rams to prepare ewes for mating. The Meatmaster 100-day weaning weight is 27 kg. Find out about different sheep breeds and their characteristics in our latest blog by World of Wool. The hornless sheep have long drooping ears, similar to goats. These are divided as follows: • Blackhead Persian – 90% • Redhead Persian – 4% • Speckled Persian – 6%. Today, the breed is once more gaining popularity in South Africa, thanks to successes achieved with carcass conformation by the Van Rooy Sheep Breeders’ Society. The Ile de France is a large, smooth-bodied polled meat breed, producing strong white wool of 23 - 27 micron. It belongs to the Nguni type of sheep and is predominantly dark brown. The Ile de France can be used for their milk and is classified as a dairy sheep in the USA. They were developed by cross-breeding of Dorset Horn and the Blackhead Persian Sheep. Dorper sheep are developed in South Africa to meet the mutton demands. This process may be facilitated by a number of genetic resource flocks that are phenotyped for traits routinely recorded in the national evaluationthat are not A … Dorper Sheep Breeders' Society of South Africa Breed Director: Mr Attie Westraad Address: P.O. The genetic diversity of South African sheep populations is considered complex having been shaped by multifaceted production systems [1, 2] resulting from a combination of indigenous, commercial and synthetic/composite breeds raised to suit, various and often, extreme production conditions where natural selection forces are at play.Coupled with this have been farmer driven … South African sheep breeds: Population genetic structure and conservation implications. All animals were genotyped at 12 microsatellite loci. A fast-growing sheep, it is easy to care for and has a very light mixed coat of hair and wool that it sheds early in the summer. History. Developed in South Africa, it arrived in New Zealand in 1998. Agricultural Research Council of … The breeders’ society currently has 48 members, which have a total of ± 20 000 Persian sheep among them. The fleece varies in quality from fine to coarse and has many applications, making this wool very versatile. Persians are excellent mothers with an even temperament. The sheep can reach 80 pounds(35 kg) in 3 to 4 months (approx 100 days). The Meatmaster sheep is another South African-developed meat breed, bred from the Damara, Dorper, Van Rooy and Ile de France breeds. 5. The aim was to develop a hardy, fertile, meat sheep with low input costs, suitable for veld grazing systems. Dormer : Dormer sheep are a cross between Dorset Horn rams and German Merino ewes (presently known as the South African Mutton Merino). A South African ‘developed’ meat sheep, the fertile Van Rooy sheep was bred to thrive in the drier climates of Southern Africa, typical of fat-tail breeds. Cloete1,2#, J.J. Olivier3 and K. Dzama1 1Department of Animal Sciences, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa 2Institute for Animal Production: Elsenburg, Private Bag X1, Elsenburg 7607, South Africa . South African Sheep Breeders Associations : South African Damara Breeders' Society : The Society was founded on 28 April 1992 by 26 founding members. In a study comparing the leather quality of nine sheep breeds, the leather from Damara sheep was found to be superior in strength, with a very fine grain with superior strength. The Dohne Merino is one of the leading woolled breeds in South Africa. Meatmaster lambs can be slaughtered at five months of age, at around 38 kg, and may yield a carcass of 17.5 kg. The thin-tailed sheep are present mainly in Morocco, Sudan and in West Africa. The highest concentration being Kano, Sokoto, Borno and Kaduna states. Merino . This paper details the population genetic structure of South African indigenous, locally developed and introduced breeds using microsatellite markers, and the conservation implications of these results. South Africa has a diverse array of phenotypically distinct and locally adapted sheep breeds that have been developed for different production systems ranging from mutton to wool and pelt, and some dual‐purpose and nondescript breeds kept by smallholder farmers. The Persian is more resistant to disease than other sheep breeds and has been used for breeding with other breeds to improve their meat production. The Ile de France sheep is a French meat breed, introduced in South Africa in 1903 for research. Development of the breed started approximately 200 years ago and has been accelerated by the introduction of genetics from Australia. Genetic trends in South African terminal sire sheep breeds O.T. They are kept largely by rural populace. The Nguni-type has a broad ancestral gene pool making it well adapted to harsh environmental conditions found in parts of KwaZulu-Natal. 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