Tropical rain forests are characteristic from the Laguna de Perlas to the Río San Juan, in the interior west of the savannas, and along rivers through the savannas. Most of the area is flat, except for a line of young volcanoes, many of which are still active, running between the Golfo de Fonseca and Lago de Nicaragua. Despite these goals, however, subsequent Nicaraguan elections have been marred with corruption and in 2006 Daniel Ortega ​Saavdra, an FSLN candidate, was elected. Largest but most sparsely populated of the Central American nations, Nicaragua borders Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. Pine and palm savannas predominate as far south as the Laguna de Perlas. Nicaragua is subject to destructive earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, and occasionally severe hurricanes. It is slightly larger than New York State. The country's physical geography divides it into three major zones: the Pacific lowlands, the wetter, cooler central highlands, and the Caribbean lowlands. Like many other countries in Central America, Nicaragua is known for its high levels of biodiversity and unique ecosystems. It has two coastlines; the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. The valley of the Río San Juan forms a natural passageway close to sea level across the Nicaraguan isthmus from the Caribbean Sea to Lago de Nicaragua and the rift. Aleman's presidency, however, had severe issues with corruption and in 2001, Nicaragua again held presidential elections. Geography . Economy of Nicaragua. Transportation and Spatial Structure The eastern slopes are among the wettest places in the world, being too wet for agriculture, and have an economy dominated by timber extraction. It is contained by Central America, South America, and the West Indies, and lends its name to the areas of land surrounding it. Two big lakes, Nicaragua and Managua, are connected by the Tipitapa River. 119,254 km2 This sea is a popular tourist destination for people who come to see its clear blue waters, coral reefs, and tropical islands. On the Pacific side of the country, there is a narrow coastal plain dotted with volcanoes. 1. Before 1855, however, it was an obscure village. daviddennisphotos.com/Moment/Getty Images. You asked for merch so we made it for you! Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America in square kilometers. From 1912 to 1933, the U.S. had troops in the country to prevent hostile actions toward Americans working on the canal there. 10,380 km2, Southernmost point: Trinidad, Río San Juan, Westernmost point: Pacific coast at Gulf of Fonseca, Chinandega Department, Easternmost point: Miskito Cays archipelago, North Caribbean Coast Autonomous RegionLowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mHighest point: Mogotón 2,438 m, Land use: total: During the rainy season, Eastern Nicaragua is subject to heavy flooding along the upper and middle reaches of all major rivers. The Pacific lowlands extend about 75 kilometers inland from the Pacific coast. Their chief was named Nicarao. mi) making it the region's biggest country. There's a reason why I'm wearing that purple hat....Check out http://www.GeographyNow.com ! The high winds and floods, accompanying these storms often cause considerable destruction of property. Nicaragua is located in the center of America, in an area that divides the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. Hurricanes or heavy rains in the central highlands where agriculture has destroyed much of the natural vegetation also cause considerable crop damage and soil erosion. 196.6 km3 (2011), Maritime claims The Caribbean lowlands are sometimes considered synonymous with the former department of Zelaya, which is now divided into the North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region (Región Autónoma de la Costa Caribe Norte, RACCN) and the South Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region (Región Autónoma de la Costa Caribe Sur, RACCS) and constitutes about 45 percent of Nicaragua's territory. Nicaragua: Departments - Map Quiz Game: Nicaragua is divided into fifteen departments and two autonomous regions. Nicaragua is divided into 15 departments and two autonomous regions for local administration. It is the largest country by area in Central America and its capital and largest city is Managua. Nicaragua's name comes from its native peoples that lived there in the late 1400s and early 1500s. In 1909, the United States intervened in the country after hostilities grew between Conservatives and Liberals due to plans to build a trans-isthmian canal. This line is highest in the central portion near the cities of León and Managua. If you are trying to find Nicaragua on a map, its geographical coordinates are 13°00′N 85°00′W. Nicaragua's capital, Managua, has warm temperatures year-round that hover around 88 degrees (31˚C). Nicaragua's judicial branch consists of a Supreme Court. Lago de Nicaragua in turn drains into the Río San Juan (the boundary between Nicaragua and Costa Rica), which flows through the southern part of the rift lowlands to the Caribbean Sea. In 1996, there was another election and the former mayor of Managua, Arnoldo Aleman, won the presidency. Wedged between Costa Rica and Honduras, Nicaragua is a good all-round destination.Think beautiful cathedrals, elegant architecture, a ton of history, and loads of nature to get to grips with. Daytime averages in this region are 22 to 24 °C (71.6 to 75.2 °F), with nighttime lows below 15 °C (59 °F). These lowlands are a hot, humid area that includes coastal plains, the eastern spurs of the central highlands, and the lower portion of the Río San Juan basin. National GDP: $18,880,000,000 Nicaragua Brief History of Nicaragua:. In 1988, Hurricane Joan forced hundreds of thousands of Nicaraguans to flee their homes and caused more than US$1 billion in damage, most of it along the Caribbean coast. Nicaragua consists of three definite geographical regions: the Atlantic Lowlands, the North-Central … However, Nicaragua was hit with renewed political trouble in 2018, and it was hit hard. Nicaragua, as the largest Central American country, is even home to the largest body of freshwater in Central America, Lago de Nicaragua. The capital city of Managua was virtually destroyed in 1931 and again in 1972. The Caribbean lowlands are the wettest section of Central America, receiving between 2,500 and 6,500 millimeters (98.4 and 255.9 in) of rain annually. Exclusive economic zone: 123,881 km2 (47,831 sq mi). The tierra templada, or the "temperate land," is characteristic of most of the central highlands, where elevations range between 750 and 1,600 meters (2,461 and 5,249 ft).The "cold land" at elevations above 1,600 meters (5,249 ft), is found only on and near the highest peaks of the central highlands. Please Help this Page. Area: The local people call themselves Nicas, while outsiders call them Nicaraguans. Rainfall varies greatly in Nicaragua. The Republic of Nicaragua covers a total land area of 50,193 square miles and is the largest country in Central America. 1.76% Shortly thereafter, the FSLN formed a dictatorship under leader Daniel Ortega. It is a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, the Nuclear Test Ban, and the Ozone Layer Protection, and has signed but not ratified the Law of the Sea. its population is 1, 555, 687. most of the world enjoys nicis. One-quarter of the country's population lives in the capital. Those that do are steep, short, and flow intermittently. Nicaragua covers a total area of 130,370 square kilometers (119,990 square kilometers of which is land area) and contains a variety of climates and terrains. ISBN 978-0-367-36463-2 Follow @ecojpr. In 1990 due to pressure from within and outside of Nicaragua, Ortega's regime agreed to hold elections in February of that year. This route was considered as a possible alternative to the Panama Canal at various times in the past. Government of Nicaragua. The People of Nicaragua. These two lakes are joined by the Río Tipitapa, which flows south into Lago de Nicaragua. The climate of Nicaragua is considered tropical in its lowlands with cool temperatures at its higher elevations. More directly west of the lake region is a narrow line of ash-covered hills and volcanoes that separate the lakes from the Pacific Ocean. 83.66% (2011. Following its independence, Nicaragua underwent frequent civil wars as rival political groups struggled for power. • Nicaragua's life expectancy is 71.5 years.• Nicaragua's Independence Day is September 15.• Spanish is the official language of Nicaragua but English and other native languages are also spoken. Geography of Nicaragua History of Nicaragua. Fertile soils are found only along the natural levees and narrow floodplains of the numerous rivers, including the Escondido, the Río Grande de Matagalpa, the Prinzapolka, and the Coco, and along the many lesser streams that rise in the central highlands and cross the region en route to the complex of shallow bays, lagoons, and salt marshes of the Caribbean coast. The rift is occupied in part by the largest freshwater lakes in Central America: Lago de Managua (56 kilometers long and 24 kilometers wide) and Lago de Nicaragua (about 160 kilometers long and 75 kilometers wide). In 1821, Nicaragua gained its independence from Spain. Managua, the capital of Nicaragua. Printable map of Nicaragua and info and links to Nicaragua facts, famous natives, landforms, latitude, longitude, maps, symbols, timeline and weather - by worldatlas.com Nicaragua Map / Geography of Nicaragua / Map of Nicaragua - Worldatlas.com The country can be divided into roughly three physiographic regions, the Pacific lowlands, central highlands, and the Caribbean highlands. Nicaragua’s economic freedom score is 57.2, making its economy the 115th freest in the 2020 Index. Nicaragua. gale. This interesting location causes Nicaragua to have great biodiversity and also mountains, volcanoes, beaches, lakes and other features. This quiz game will help you memorize their names and locations. River bank agricultural plots are often heavily damaged, and considerable numbers of savanna animals die during these floods. land: M. Maps of Nicaragua; Media in category "Geography of Nicaragua" The following 12 files are in this category, out of 12 total. The triangular area known as the central highlands lies northeast and east of the Pacific lowlands. Nicaragua was originally inhabited by Native American tribes. 2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues: The soil is generally leached and infertile. Almost 20 percent of the country is part of the Pacific region. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nicaragua Geography 2020 information contained here. Beef, veal, pork, poultry, dairy products, shrimp, and lobster are also large industries in Nicaragua.​. Geography Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America, bordering Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. In 1933, U.S. troops left Nicaragua and Nation Guard Commander Anastasio Somoza Garcia became president in 1936. Government. Nicaragua's name comes from its native peoples that lived there in the late 1400s and early 1500s. In 1985, an embargo was also placed on trade between the two countries. views updated . The western slopes of the central highlands and the Pacific lowlands receive considerably less annual rainfall, being protected from moisture-laden Caribbean trade winds by the peaks of the central highlands. Pacific Volcanic Chain. From the southwest edge of Lago de Nicaragua, it is only nineteen kilometers to the Pacific Ocean. The "hot land" is characteristic of the foothills and lowlands from sea level to about 750 meters (2,461 ft) of elevation. In November 2020, two major hurricanes: Eta and Iota, made landfall on the nation in nearly same locations in consecutive weeks, causing hundreds of deaths throughout the caribbean region and causing millions of dollars in damage. Rainfall is seasonal—May through October is the rainy season, and December through April is the driest period. The country is divided into three distinctive geographical regions : the Pacific Lowlands, the North-Central Mountains and the Caribbean Lowlands (also known as the MOSQUITO COAST ). Pages in category "Geography of Nicaragua" This category contains only the following page. Nicaragua is a Central American country covering a total area of 130,370 sq. permanent crops: food , culture, eduacation, homes, and family ways of living. Contiguous zone: 24 nautical miles (44.4 km; 27.6 mi) At night temperatures drop to 21 to 24 °C (69.8 to 75.2 °F) most of the year. 130,370 km2 Table of Contents. Mean annual precipitation for the rift valley and western slopes of the highlands ranges from 1,000 to 1,500 millimeters (39.4 to 59.1 in). United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, Photos and information about the volcanoes in Nicaragua, Federal Republic of Central America (1823–1838), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Nicaragua&oldid=991926246, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 15:35. A volcanic … Today Nicaragua's government is considered a republic. Nicaragua is known for its biodiversity because rainforest covers 7,722 square miles (20,000 sq km) of the country's Caribbean lowlands. Its economy is based mainly on agriculture and industry, with its top industrial products being food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, textiles, clothing, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, and wood. In 1979, there was an uprising by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) and the Somoza family's time in office ended. Their objective for Nicaragua.com is to create a best of breed site that provides information about "all things Nicaragua". During Chamorro's time in office, Nicaragua moved toward creating a more democratic government, stabilizing the economy and improving human rights issues that had occurred during Ortega's time in office. After more instability in the later 2000s, Honduras today is considered a democratic … https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/countries/nicaragua Nicaragua Political Geography; Managua. This time, Enrique Bolanos won the presidency and his campaign pledged to improve the economy, build jobs and end government corruption. To the east lies the Caribbean, and to the west the Pacific. The eastern Caribbean lowlands of Nicaragua form the extensive (occupying more than 50 percent of national territory) and still sparsely settled lowland area known as … Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. The Nicaragua Canal Project. The coast is also subject to destructive tropical storms and hurricanes, particularly from July through October. other: Because Western Nicaragua is located where two major tectonic plates collide, it is subject to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. physical features of Nicaragua Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Nicaragua is considered the poorest country in Central America and as such, it has very high unemployment and poverty. 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